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Production Notes from 2001

WHEAT:

AC BARRIE:
Average yield around 45bu/ac. Yield range from 35 to 50 bu/ac. Protein and grade were very good compared to other varieties grown ranging from 14.1-15.5%. Regardless of all concerns around Barrie it still appears to be one of the best for fusarium resistance vs CDC Teal, AC Intrepid, and AC Splendor.
AC CADILLLAC:
Popular variety as customers were looking for alternative to AC Barrie. Rust is better than AC Barrie and initially the fusarium was thought to be better however doesn't appear to be as good. Excellent kernel quality and size with good protein levels. Yields especially north of the #16 highway were better than other varieties. I do have a slight concern with standability under good growing conditions. We have had reports of it shattering as well especially if allowed to stand fully mature too long.
AC DOMAIN:
Yields in the area were in mid to high 40's. Continues to get top grades. Earlier than AC Barrie by 2-3 days. Better rust resistance and similar fusarium to AC Barrie. Elevators in Western Manitoba were indicating the AC Domain was one of the better varieties for grading in the fall of 2000 even after all the harvest rains.
AC INTREPID:
Yields in the high 40's and low 50's. On the average 5-6% higher yielding than AC Barrie. Very good lodging resistance which makes it suitable for straight cutting. One of the few varieties resistant to the new strains of rust. Not very tolerant to fusarium. Very early maturing up to 3-4 days earlier than AC Barrie. Protein and kernel quality would rank up fairly high on the comparison list.
AC SPLENDOR:
Very good yielding wheat with very early maturity. This variety continues to surprise us with it's exceptional yield potential. It is also the earliest maturing spring wheat up to 5 days earlier than AC Barrie and AC Domain. Very large plump kernel and ranks as the highest protein wheat available to date. Not rated good for fusarium tolerance.
CDC TEAL:
Spring wheat variety that won't die. Good middle of the road wheat with decent yield and protein. Warburton Mills specifically request this variety and pay a premium for this through a contract program available through Paterson Grain and Agricore. Not rated good for fusarium resistance.
BW264 Hard White Wheat (AC SNOWBIRD): NEW
A white seeded wheat which has quality similar to the CWRS class of wheat with a lighter colored (bran)seed coat. BW 264 has excellent yield potential 4-5% better than AC Barrie. It matures one day later than AC Barrie is slightly taller than AC Barrie. It doesn't stand as good as AC Barrie. Rated good to very good for rust and smut resistance. Not quite as good as AC Barrie for fusarium. It may have a slightly higher incidence of ergot susceptibility than AC Barrie. We are currently waiting for CWB to allow IP contracts for this variety and class. Appears Paterson Grain will be coming out with contracts for this class for this spring.
AC ELSA:
Yield 5-6% better than AC Barrie. Slightly earlier, may not stand quite as good as AC Barrie. Very good disease package except for fusarium which it is quite susceptible to. We are growing this variety for the Warburton contracts.
CDC BOUNTY: NEW
Customers indicated this yielded 5% or better than AC Barrie. Very plump seed size and very good bushel weight. Average disease package except for fusarium which it may have a slight advantage over AC Barrie. We are concerned a little over the overall standability of this variety as it may lodge in very good growing conditions.
AC SUPERB:NEW
Watch out for this variety. Yields over 15-18% better than AC Barrie. It is a tall, semi-dwarf, bearded spring wheat. Very good for lodging, most leaf diseases except leaf spot. Very large, plump seed. Only 1-2 days later than AC Barrie. Fusarium will not be as good as AC Barrie. Did not seem to shatter as we straight cut it.
AC CRYSTAL CPS Red:
Again our highest yielding wheat and also our most profitable wheat on a per acre return. Yields were in the 60's. Tilt and/or Folicur have become a necessity in attaining these yields to protect against leaf diseases and fusarium.
AC VISTA CPS White:
Have not grown this variety ourselves but it is like the CPS red varieties. Very similar characteristics to AC Crystal except slightly more prone to fusarium. CWB is once again offering IP contracts with some special programming. Price is finally at a premium over CPS reds. We can sign you up on the program in our office.
HY644 CPS Red: NEW
This is the long awaited for fusarium resistant wheat. It looks and acts like any other CPS wheat and will be prone to other leaf diseases but does show a remarkable tolerance to fusarium. Under high fusarium conditions it will still show some symptoms but is quite tolerant under average conditions. We are awaiting program details for 2003 to determine if we can grow this under IP directly to feed mills in Mb and Eastern Sk.
AC AVONLEA Durum:
We have not grown this variety here but it appears to be early enough (same days as CPS wheat)that we should be able to grow it here. Very good standability, rust resistance, and protein. Discussions are ongoing with a large grain company to potentially IP it for specific durum milling uses.

BARLEY:

CDC DOLLY (2 row feed)
Excellent 2 row feed barley. Yields were reported from 65-95 bu/ac with weights ranging from 50 to 58 lb/bu. Scoular Grain is offering IP contracts with a premium to grow this variety specifically for feed. Good for straight cutting with bushel weights holding up well under heat and moisture stress.
CDC BOLD (2 row feed) NEW
Excellent 2 row feed barley. Yields were reported from 65-95 bu/ac with weights ranging from 50 to 58 lb/bu. Tall semi-dwarf variety makes it very good for straight cutting with bushel weights holding up well under heat and moisture stress. Not rated as good for fusarium tolerance and leaf spot as other 2 row varieties.
VIRDEN (6 row feed):
Good smooth awned feed barley. Makes very good silage and/or forage blend. Very large leaf surface and has good standability. Couple of customers were reporting up to 10 tonne/ac silage yield blended with 4010 silage pea.
AC RANGER (6 row silage): NEW
Brand new variety that has excellent dry matter yield possibly better than AC Lacombe and Virden with better standability. Grown by a seed grower/beef producer in Solsgirth Mb. Very limited supplies.
CDC STRATUS (2 row malt):
Same yields and characteristics as Dolly except good chance of now being accepted as malt. CWB has now listed Stratus as a fully accepted 2 row malt variety. Pioneer Grain, ConAgra and Cargill are actively buying Stratus as malt. Good disease package, good standing - can be straight cut. Excellent bushel weight and fusarium resistance.
AC METCALFE (2 row malt):
Yielded in 70 - 80's. Same situation as Stratus fully endorsed by CWB.
MERIT (2 row malt): NEW
New malt variety contracted directly to Anheuser Busch. Top end of yield potential but is later maturing like Manley. Excellent bushel weights and low protein fixing however may not stand as well as Stratus and Metcalfe. Can offer an IP contract last year for this variety which gives you first look guaranteed by Busch.
EXCEL (6 row malt):
Yielded 70 - 80 bushels/ac. Weighing in around 49-50 lb/bu. Stands well, early maturing. I am concerned about the acceptance of this variety over time as it is no longer the preferred malt variety of the major US malt companies. Still accepted by private companies such as Seed-Ex in Letellier, MB.
ROBUST (6 row malt):
Yielded in 70's. Slightly lower yielding than Excel. Doesn't stand as well as Excel and has to be swathed to get uniform maturity. Very high acceptance levels at most elevator companies and private malt buyers. Generally get very early movement in the fall as Robust does go into dormancy by the end of December.
LEGACY (6 row white malt): NEW
Specifically requested by Busch Ag Resources in an IP contract that we can offer. Yields right up there with most 6 row malt barley and in Manitoba ranks as one of the highest yielding malt barley varieties. Decent disease package and agronomics. Would be a direct replacement for Excel growers.
CDC FREEDOM (2 row hulless):
Grown by Rod Fedoruk in Kamsack. Rod reported it yielded like his other 2 row malt barley. Stood well. Had decent disease resistance. He expected it to dehull in the 90's without trying to dehull it. By mid winter we expect to have some hulless barley contracts that should be paying a premium over other feed barley with good early movement.
CDC McGUIRE (2 row hulless):
Grown by Fedoruks. Yielded slightly better than Freedom however didn't stand as well. May not dehull as well as CDC Freedom.

PEAS:

SCUBA (green):
Scubas are better than Majorette in yield, same in bleaching and have better acceptance into the US splitting market because they do not have as high level genetic through backs and they split uniformly. Fairly tall variety at 80cm, may not stand erect under good growing conditions. Average seed size around 230 gm/1000. Plant at 2.5 bu/ac.
TOLEDO (green): NEW
One of the highest yielding green peas with good lodging resistance, fair bleaching score and reasonable disease package. Shorter variety at 70cm. Average seed size 280 gm/1000. Good seed coat breakage resistance. Plant at 2.8 bu/ac
DELTA (yellow):
Medium seed size (245 gm/1000) which allows you to plant at 2.5 bu/ac. They have stood like wheat and also fallen over like a leaning crop of canola. They are what I term as manageable for harvestability. Very hard seed coat which results in very low level of splits.
CROMA (yellow):
New large seeded yellow. They are relatively short which does give them the potential to stand better. They are early like Delta's. The seed coat is rated fair for seed coat breakage but I consider good for a large seeded pea. The large, very uniform seed size provides the potential for a premium in the edible pea market. Seed size averages 280gm/1000. Should seed close to 3 bu/ac.
CDC MOZART (yellow):
Small seeded yellow pea with very good yield potential. Ours yielded around the 45 bu/ac mark. Appear to yield better the farther south you grow in the prairies. One of only a couple varieties with very good resistance to powdery mildew. They will not be a stand up pea and will require lifters to reduce your harvest stress. Small seed size should allow you to plant under 2.5 bu/ac. No royalty on the seed provides for a cheaper seed price.
ECLIPSE (Yellow): NEW
Medium size yellow pea with very good yield potential. Ours yielded just over 50bu/ac planted beside CDC Mozart. They stood up as good as our wheat. They had excellent powdery mildew resistance. Only concern would be the non-uniform seed size with large and small peas in the sample. May be a result of hot, dry weather at filling time. Seed size is 260 gm/1000 resulting in a 2.8 bu./ac seed rate.
SAMSON (Marrowfat):
semi-leafless, large seeded marrowfat. Seed at 3.5 bu/ac. This year had an average yield of 40 bu/ac. Big premiums "if" can keep the color and quality up. top quality have paid as high as $12/bu this year. Very susceptible to powdery mildew.
4010 (silage):
small seeded pea specifically designed for the silage market. Most customers are blending them at 30-40lb/ac with a cereal such as triticale or barley. Silage yields have been as high as 10 tonne/ac. Very good for beef or dairy silage. Vine length we have had as long as 6.5 (2 meter) long. Supply has already run out so we are now replacing them with a medium size fully leafed yellow pea that offers very similar vine length.
CDC APRIL (specialty):
very small seeded, colored seed coat. Has specialty fit into bird-seed market. Short stature at 50 cm, semi-leafless, later maturing. Yields like lower end green peas. Market price this year as high as $11/bu. New crop contracts out at $6.50/bushel. Even though small seeded we are seeding at 2 bu/ac to ensure adequate ground coverage.
MAPLE:
medium sized, colored seed coat. Has specialty fit into bird-seed market. Fully leafed variety with large amounts of biomass making harvest a slow process. Quite susceptible to powdery mildew. Farm gate price this year as high as $12/bu. New crop contracts out at $6.00/bushel.

CORN:

Our Canamaize was once again a disappointing adventure where it looked a lot better than what it actually yielded. This variety definitely has potential to fit into a fall/winter grazing program which is where the company is promoting the variety now.

Sunflower

SUNFLOWER:

Planted 160 acres of Pioneer 6150 small seeded black oils again. Averaged 1700 lb. on some of our best ground. At the current price of $.16/lb the net return is close to a 45 bu/ac canola crop sold at $7/bu. Planted close to the end of May again and would probably try to seed them earlier next year by 3rd week May. Also had problems with wild mustard which is controllable if we sprayed with low rate Assert. Have already been offered new crop prices around $.14/ lb picked up or $.155/lb delivered Manitoba. However have now found freight into central Manitoba to cost us $.02/lb. Any oil premium is eaten up by freight. Seed cost would be approx $27/ac.

SOYBEAN:

Tried the OAC Vision variety. Customers we sold seed to did get full maturity on them and had yields in the high 20's. Market price with the non-GMO premium will get them over $7.50 - $8/bu. Can straight cut with a rigid header. Would still roll your land to ensure you can harvest all the bottom pods. Will increase our seed rate to 70 lb/ac and add more nitrogen at or near seeding. Likely around 30-40 lb/ac of N.

FLAX:

CDC BETHUNE:
has the potential to be one of the highest yielding flax out there. Has decent seed size and good standability. Bushel weight appears to be better than Somme and slightly lower than Vimy. Maturity is medium being around 104 days from seeding to swathing.
TAURUS:
potentially highest yielding brown flax on the market. Excellent standability with the straw being very manageable. We found the straw to cut very easily and went through the rotary combine without wrapping. We may even be tempted to run it through the chopper in our axial flow.

CANOLA:

LG3235 (RoundUp Ready):
very early maturing with good top end yields. Averaged in mid 30's for us whether seeded early or late May. Short stature crop which makes it very easy to manage.
LG3455 (RoundUp Ready)
good top end yield potential with medium maturity. The one field we grew yielded 38.5 bu/ac. Has MR rating for blackleg. Stood very well - very similar to Ebony.
DS Roughrider (RoundUp Ready):
new low priced RR canola from Secan. Good average canola with good standability, medium height, medium maturity, medium disease. Exceptionally high oil content testing around 50% at Canamera at Harrowby.
Invigor 2663 (Liberty Link)
likely the best LL and hybrid to date from Aventis. Yielded 42 bu/ac. Stood well, easy to manage. Very big seed size. "R" rating for blackleg. Not as tall as previous Invigor hybrids.
Ebony (conventional):
Still our favorite conventional canola. Stands exceptionally well and consistently yields in the top end of all our canolas. 100 acres this year averaged 39 bu/ac.

TRITICALE

FALL:
planted like winter wheat. Same timing, seed rate, fertility program. Appears to be quite drought tolerant. Approximately 1 week later than winter wheat in maturity. Yields in the mid to high 40's. Excellent material for silage and/or fall and early spring grazing. Can also process and ship into the southern US as seed for fall grazing in the southern US states.
SPRING:
grew a new variety called AC Ultima which has a very high falling number and has potential to be used in milling and distilling market. Market prices in at $4/bu or better this year. Later maturing similar to durum. Tall, erect plant with good disease package except fusarium. Very good drought tolerance. Many cattle producers using for green feed and forage. Have production contracts to grow as common seed for US forage market paying $4.25/bu picked up for fall/early winter delivery.

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