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Local Experience
Production Notes from 2008
Precipitation in seasonGeneral weather
April 2 mmstart planting last week April
May 28 mmsignificant frost May 25 and 26
June 110 mmcool days and nights late June
July 133 mmhot and very humid
August 35 mmvery cool through latter half
Total 308 mm
  • Started planting April 30, finished June 1.
  • Frost in May severely set back early seeded canola and winter cereals and hay.
  • Cool days and nights in June slowed or reduced herbicide activity.
  • Sprayed all cereals for leaf and head disease due to high humidity and temperatures.
  • Sprayed virtually all of the wheat for midge and fusarium.
  • Yield tests vs untreated indicated this was a very good strategy to take. Up to a 15 bu/ac difference and a grade difference.
  • Began harvest winter wheat August 27, completed harvest Nov 24.
  • Rain delays accounted for 12 lost harvest days in that period.
  • First week in September of steady rain and high humidity resulted in grade and quality loss with swathed barley.

WHEAT:

  • SNOWSTAR: Secan
    • non-bearded, hollow stemmed hard white wheat variety
    • surprising yield in the high 60's.
    • early maturing with good straw strength.
    • good rust and bunt disease resistance package.
    • premiums offered by Richardson.
  • AC LILLIAN: Secan
    • solid stemmed red spring wheat - resistant to sawfly
    • very similar to Barrie wheat for yield and agronomics
    • yield in the high 40's to 50.
    • good disease package.
    • has some lodging issues but more than makes up for it with sawfly resistance.
  • INFINITY: Canterra
    • hard red spring wheat
    • slightly earlier than Barrie
    • yield in the 50's - 60's.
    • good disease especially rust resistance. However is prone to fusarium.
    • protein higher than Superb
    • can have some lodging issues especially on headlands or highly fertilized areas.
  • AC VISTA: FarmPure
    • CPS white wheat.
    • main use now for ethanol production. Preferred wheat stock for Mohawk ethanol plant in Minnedosa, Manitoba. Can also be sold as non-board feed wheat to feed mills.
    • 25% higher yield than spring wheats. Yields this year in mid 70's to 80 bu/ac.
    • semi dwarf, bearded wheat. Can be easily straight cut.
    • not tolerant to fusarium, maturity one day later than Superb.
  • 5602: Viterra
    • bearded hard red spring wheat.
    • yields in the mid 50's.
    • avg. maturity with good straw strength
    • best in the market for fusarium resistance.
  • 5400IP: Viterra
    • utilized in IP Warburton contracts with Viterra.
    • very good yield, 50-60 bu/ac. Protein >13.8%.
    • agronomics very similar to AC Barrie i.e.lodging, disease, fusarium.
    • good standability.
    • some concern with bleaching vs other HRS varieties.
  • COMING SOON:BW589 WHEAT - Syngenta
    • Clearfield wheat developed by Syngenta Colorado.
    • bearded, medium height, medium maturity with good standability
    • yielded from 45 to 65 bu/ac at 1 bushel seeding rate.
    • appears to have good fusarium and other disease package.
    • yet to be determined how it will be marketed.
  • GOODEVE-FarmPure
    • HRS wheat with wheat midge tolerance.
    • yield and agronomics very similar to Superb.
    • non-bearded.
    • early maturity
    • release in 2010
  • UNITY/WASKADA - Secan
    • HRS wheat with wheat midge tolerance.
    • yield in low 70's grading a #2 color.
    • bearded.
    • early maturity.
    • release in 2010

BARLEY: MALT

  • AC METCALFE - Secan
    • most popular 2 row malt variety available.
    • good standability but heads will break off if too mature.
    • good bushel weight with yield in the 80's. Planted back on barley stubble requiring fungicide application at weed spraying and at heading time.
  • CDC COPELAND - Secan
    • second most popular 2 row malt variety available.
    • good standability with improved shattering resistance vs Metcalfe.
    • Minimal losses after standing through harvest.
  • LEGACY - FarmPure
    • medium height 6 row malt barley.
    • medium maturity. Good yield - low 80's,
    • didn't let it stand for straight cutting - tendency to break down.
    • easy acceptance for malt and is generally a quick mover.

BARLEY: FEED

  • 2 Row:
    CDC COALITION - Canterra
    • 2 row, rough awned feed.
    • excellent standability as fairly short.
    • bushel weight of mid 50's. Very similar characteristics of Xena
    • big plump kernel.
    • easy to straight cut.
    • yield in mid 80's even with heavy wild oat pressure.
  • FORAGE:
    CDC COWBOY - SECAN
    • 2 row, rough awned forage barley.
    • decent standing, high dry matter yield. Slightly better than Ranger, Virden.
    • good seed yield.

OATS:

  • LEGGETT - FarmPure:
    • high yielding milling oat.
    • yield like Pinnacle with higher bushel weight and lower hull content.
    • good resistance to stem and leaf rust.
    • medium maturity.
    • yielded 130 bu/ac weighing 42 lb/bu.
    • Accepted by Can Oat Milling in Portage.
  • DANCER - FarmPure:
    • very similar to Derby in agronomics.
    • good standability
    • good bushel weight.
    • yielded 110 bu/ac weighing 42lb/bu
  • CDC BALER - FarmPure:
    • excellent forage oat. Leaves like corn plants. Good standability
    • Forage tests across the prairies show it as a good green feed or silage component.
    • Forage yields 6-7 tonne/ac

TRITICALE:

  • BUNKER - FarmPure
    • spring seeded.
    • awnletted variety, slightly better fusarium tolerance
    • earlier maturity, good stem and leaf rust resistance
    • yielded 70bu/ac
  • FRIDGE - FarmPure
    • fall seeded
    • excellent winter survival - far better than Bobcat
    • early straw development and good straw strength.
    • hail and heavy wind and rains reduced yield to 65bu/ac. Initial stand appeared to have 80+bu/ac potential.

WINTER WHEAT:

  • CDC BUTEO - SeCan
    • medium height
    • good disease package and kernel quality
    • qualifies for CWB select program providing additional $10/tonne premium

FALL RYE:

  • HAZLET - SeCan:
    • medium height, medium maturity
    • excellent kernel size, translating into good bushel weight.
    • yielded 78 bu/ac
    • won Grand Champion Fall Rye at 2007 Agribition at Regina.

PERENNIAL RYE GRASS:

  • ALL STAR II - Brett Young:
    • perennial turf seed grass. Underseeded to HRS wheat in 2007 with good establishment.
    • great yield grossing 1150 lb/ac. Net yield 700 lb/ac @ $.45/lb
    • applied Headline fungicide this year in addition to 100lb N and Puma and Attain herbicide.
    • early spring cold weather and frost limited upper yield potential. Weed issues and volunteer wheat also limited yield potential.

SOYBEANS:

  • NSC WARREN SOYBEAN:
    • direct seeded into perennial rye grass stubble June 1.
    • emergence was variable due to ground cover of the ryegrass stubble. The best emergence was on a 5 acre portion that was burned black in a grass fire. Emergence was 5 days earlier, 2X the plant stand and 2.5X higher yield. Therefore it is essential that the ground be warm and beans planted into a good seed bed. Also had issues with volunteer rr canola from 3 years previous. Applied Clean Start before planting but obviously not enough control as dockage was 20%. Manitoba growers applied Reflex as a remedy for this.
    • NOTE: soybeans still have a steep learning curve before attempting in a large scale in eastern Saskatchewan. Plant what you can afford to lose.

PEAS: YELLOW:

  • CDC GOLDEN - Crop Development Centre
    • medium maturity
    • good standability
    • medium sized, round pea
    • powdery mildew resistant
    • yielded in mid 40's with hail and thistle problems

  • CDC MEADOW - CDC
    • medium maturity
    • good standability
    • medium sized, round pea
    • powdery mildew resistant
    • yielded 60's with another 21% lost to hail.

PEAS: GREEN:

  • COOPER - Canterra:
    • tall green pea. Stands up well. Easy to straight cut.
    • nice round seed shape.
    • powdery mildew resistant.
    • good yielding mid 50 bu/ac.
    • does bleach fairly easy.

PEAS: SPECIALTY:

  • 4010 - FarmPure:
    • excellent forage/silage pea.
    • small seed size with lots of biomass.
    • could stretch 5-6 feet long.
    • high in sugar content.
  • CDC TUCKER - CDC
    • yellow semi-leafless forage pea.
    • biomass 10% > 4010.
    • small seed size - low seeding rate.
    • good standability.
  • AC GREENFIX CHICKLING VETCH - SS Johnson Seeds
    • long vined, small seeded annual legume plant.
    • excellent green manure crop providing most N of all annual legumes.
    • tall, multi-colored flower - looks like sweet peas in the flower garden.
    • grows up to 5 feet tall but falls over flat when maturing.
    • supposedly has tremendous gopher and mole killing potential when early seedling.
    • plant around 70 lb/ac.
  • SNOWBIRD FABA BEAN - Innoseeds
    • zero tannin type, annual.
    • medium height, medium maturity.
    • seed size small for faba beans 260-280 g tkw
    • should plant at least 180-200 lb/ac.
    • very high N fixing annual legume.
    • needs rain in August to fill to its potential.
    • yielded 60 bu/ac. Top potential 80+ bu/ac.
    • edible market with companies in Manitoba, most feed mills. Parrheim Foods in Saskatoon bought our surplus in 2008.

CANOLA - PLOT YIELD FOR 2008:

  • planted May 22 with FlexiCoil 5000 air drill. 1 complete pass mile long length of field.
  • 305 mm rainfall in crop.
  • wheat stubble - applied 100N 25P 0K 30S
  • Clean Start applied May 16 preseed, round up applied 2 X 0.5 l/ac in crop.
  • swathed September 3, harvest Sept.29.
IMC 103641.18 bu/ac
IMC 103743.21 bu/ac
Canterra 1768S 42.37 bu/ac
Canterra 185542.68 bu/ac
Brett Young 99740.70 bu/ac
Brett Young 441441.16 bu/ac
Monsanto 714545.16 bu/ac
Monsanto 725543.91 bu/ac
Lance vs unsprayed for sclerotinia control Lanceunsprayed
Invigor 544039.11 bu/ac38.69 bu/ac
Cruiser Max seed treatment in wheatCruiserDividend
Infinity wheat difficult to assess account Hail damage.

NEW PROGRAMS AND OTHER INFORMATION:

MONSANTO TUA PROCESS:
  • TUA tech fee is now attached to the bag when the canola is paid for. There is still a small amount of paper work however the biggest change is the fee will be paid when the canola seed is paid for.
HELIX XTRA:
  • Superior and longer lasting flea beetle control than Helix or other canola seed treatments.
  • Also noticed earlier emergence and more uniform and vigorous plant stands.
  • Observed earlier flowering and maturity.
  • For the few cents per pound extra would recommend this vs regular Helix treatment on any variety you are given the option of treatment.
MONSANTO AND SYNGENTA "PREMIUM POWER PACK" PROGRAM:
  • required to buy 20 litre of Dividend and Helix Xtra pretreated. Equivalent acres will then be paid out on use of either Axial and/or Horizon.
  • buy from Sept.1 to Nov.14 and receive $2/ac off of products and $.50 off of TUA.
  • buy from Nov. 16 to Feb. 15 and receive $1.75 off of products and $.25 of TUA.
CLEARFIELD COMMITMENT PROGRAM:
  • -BASF now requires Clearfield Commitment Fee of $30/bag of canola seed.
  • -price reconciled at the time of seed settlement.
SNOWSTAR WHEAT PROGRAM:
  • Offerred specifically by Richardson (Pioneer Grain) and only in select locations i.e. Whitewood, Balgonie, Shoal Lake, Minnedosa
  • premium of $15/tonne plus storage premiums.
  • guaranteed 100% acceptance and delivery of #1 and 2.

CANOLA VARIETIES WE MARKET:

  • ROUND UP READY:
DEKALB:
  • 7145 RR:
    • Hybrid
    • Medium maturity, medium height
    • Good standability
    • Good early season vigor
  • 3465 RR:
    • Conventional RR
    • Medium maturity, tall height
    • Tremendous performance under good fertility and moisture
CANTERRA:
  • 1855H:
    • Hybrid RR
    • Excellent yield potential
    • Very good lodging resistance
  • 1852H:
    • Hybrid RR
    • High yield potential, good standability
    • Very tolerant to wet spring conditions.
  • 1841H:
    • Hybrid RR
    • Long maturing
    • Superior standability, easy to swath
  • 1768S:
    • Synthetic RR
    • Very high yield potential, medium maturity
    • Excellent lodging resistance
  • 1818:
    • Open Pollinated RR
    • Great harvestability, short plant
    • High yield potential
BRETT YOUNG:
  • BIOBOOST:
    • Yield enhancing inoculant for canola. Avg. yield increase of 8%.
    • Produces better vigor and a healthier canola plant.
    • Helix fungicide compatible.
  • ULTRACOAT:
    • Phosphate based seed coating used to improve the performance of seed
    • Helps with early seed development and root initialization.
    • Reduces dusting off of insecticide and fungicide seed treatments.
    • Available on top Brett Young varieties at no additional cost.
  • 4414H:
    • Hybrid RR
    • High yield potential
    • Excellent standability
  • 4362H:
    • Hybrid RR
    • Early maturity - good fit for winter wheat production
    • Excellent standability
  • 997:
    • Open Pollinated RR
    • Medium maturity with vigorous plant development
    • Medium tall in height
    • We have personally multiplied this variety for Brett Young.
FARMPURE SEEDS:
  • 93H01:
    • Hybrid
    • Excellent yield, with early seedling vigor
    • Maturity similar to checks.
  • 83S01:
    • Composite Hybrid
    • Excellent yield, tall straw but good lodging resistance
    • Very early maturing
  • LIBERTY LINK CANOLA:
BAYER:
  • 5020:
    • Treated with Prosper
  • 5440:
    • Good standing, medium maturity.
    • Next level of yield plateau for Invigor varieties.
  • 8440:
    • Good standing, slightly earlier than 5440.
    • Slightly lower yielding than 5440

CANOLA - CONVENTIONAL:

  • Hudson, SW Wizard

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